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    Exploring the Core Principles of Modern FengShui

    Discover a set of guidelines for the sound practice of FengShui

    The Chinese have been using FengShui for the past 6000 years, yet we are still debating whether it is a science or a superstition worth preserving. it is far more productive to study it seriously and see what it can offer us, otherwise FengShui will always remain a puzzle to us and open to continual fraud and further corruption.

    These principles came about because the Chinese have used FengShui to manage their environment over hundreds and thousands of years, and this allowed them to collect many valuable experiences and insights. By examining what are the core principles, we can work towards establishing a set of guidelines for the sound practice of FengShui :

    Principle 1 : An Integrated and Holistic System

    Our environment is considered to be an integral system as a whole, with Man at the center, including all things “under Heaven and on Earth”.

    1) Man is part of Nature; therefore we are responsible to each other. 2) Nature has its universal laws and Man should follow them. 3) Human nature and the Dao are the same, so we should be “Ziran” in our behavior.

    “The terrain is the body, the spring is the blood, the soil is the skin, the grasses are the hairs, the house is the clothing, and the doors are the accessories. If they are properly related to each other in a dignified way, then it is considered most auspicious.”

    Principle 2 : Being Suitable and Appropriate to the Restriction and Limitation of the Site

    Every site has its limitation and advantages. Some places are only suitable for residential use while others are more suitable for commerce or manufacturing, so there is a need to determine what a site is best suitable for, to allow the resultant development to be “Ziran” and not forced or out of balance with its neighbor.

    “Site selection is not easy because the “wind” and the “earth” of the four directions are all different and the terrain of the land is not the same. One can locate the “Xue” half way up the mountain or deep into the valley, or on a flat ground or between rock formations, or even under water…”

    Principle 3 : Bound by Mountains and Near Water

    Mountains are the “skeletons” of the land, they not only provide us with protection from the weather and from our predators; they also provide us with food and resources. Water is the source of life and means of transportation, without water we cannot survive, so the wise people have preferred to live in a place, which is “bound by mountains and near water”.

    “Whenever we locate a capital, it is either at the front of a mountain range or on a broad plain. It must be elevated and near a sufficient source of water supply. The drainage must be clean and respond to the natural conditions of the site and the terrain of the land. Therefore, the layout of the city need not be too regular, and the roads need not to be too straight.”

    Principle 4 : Carry the Yin and Embrace the Yang

    A FengShui house should be protected from the cold wind and facing the warm sun. The phrase “Hide from the Wind and Gather the Qi” is often used in conjunction with the phrase “Carry the Yin and Embrace the Yang” because both aim to find an ideal FengShui spot (Xue) where the Yin and Yang are balanced and where the ShengQi is assembled.

    “Wind cannot be avoided in the flat plain, but it has Yin Yang difference. Those that face east and south will receive the warm and hot wind (and) we called it the Yang Wind; those that face west and north will receive the cool and cold wind (and) we called it the Yin Wind. If there is no protection nearby, then the wind will penetrate the bones, and bring the owners increasing defeat and fewer off-springs.

    Principle 5 : Observe the Form and Examine the Configuration

    Observation and investigation of the landform to locate the correct site for a dwelling is one of the core principles of FengShui, because it is beneficial to health and well being.By examining the Configuration (Shi) in their various layers of relationship, we can begin to understand the “Original Character” of a site, and thus be able to create a building that will fit in naturally, and in a holistic way. 

    The ‘Six Internal Matters” are gate and door, Ming Tang or light well and courtyard, living space, sleeping area, the kitchen and stove and the rice-grinder. Again, we do not have a rice-grinder any more and we are more concerned with our study and working from home. Moreover, the toilet and urinal with the utilities area have become an internal concern rather than an external one.

    Principle 6 : Examine the Geology of the Land

    The Chinese had a means of examining the geology of the land that was called “The Method to Test the Suitability of the Soil”. “Use the method of ”Tu Yi” to distinguish the 12 types of soil, in order to know their advantage and harmfulness, so as to benefit the people and the domesticated animals, the plants and the vegetables.”

    “The soil should be firm and not loose; the ShengQi will not return to a soil that is stubbornly hard and the True Yang (the essential ingredients) will not reside in a soil that is loose and dispersed.”



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